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Posts Categorized / dbDigger

  • Feb 10 / 2015
  • 0
DBA Interview questions, dbDigger, SQL Server Training, SQL Server versions and editions

SQL Server versions, editions, service packs, OS and deployment

Like other Microsoft technologies SQL Server follows the categorization of versions and editions. Updates are applied mainly through service packs and patches that are released by Microsoft for each version. Understanding of these concepts is important for DBAs as they have to make use of this information for deployment, upgrades and proposals. It is better for beginner level DBAs to explore this information prior to work on these during their jobs.

Click here to download presentation on this topic.

  • Nov 12 / 2014
  • 0
dbDigger, Monitoring and Analysis, Security and Permissions

Generate object level permissions in a database

Following script can be used to generate object level permissions in a database. We can filter the results for specific user or type.

 SELECT Us.name AS username,  
     us.type_desc AS UserType,  
     schema_name(obj.schema_id)+'.'+Obj.name AS objectName,  
     dp.permission_name AS permission ,  
     dp.state_desc AS PermissionStatus  
 FROM sys.database_permissions dp  
 JOIN sys.database_principals Us ON dp.grantee_principal_id = Us.principal_id  
 JOIN sys.objects Obj ON dp.major_id = Obj.object_id --where us.type_desc <> 'DATABASE_ROLE'  
 ORDER BY Us.name  
 -- get user permissions on whole DB  
 EXECUTE AS USER = 'userName';  
 SELECT * FROM fn_my_permissions(NULL, 'DATABASE')   
 -- get user permissions on whole DB  
  a.class_desc, permission_name, state_desc, b.name  
 from sys.database_permissions a  
 inner join sys.database_principals b  
  on a.grantee_principal_id = b.principal_id  
  and permission_name not in ('connect','view definition','SELECT')  
  and b.type_desc in ('SQL_USER','WINDOWS_USER')  
  and state_desc = 'GRANT'  
  and class_desc = 'DATABASE'  

  • Oct 01 / 2014
  • 0
dbDigger, Dynamic Management Views DMV, Monitoring and Analysis, SQL Server IO, T-SQL Scripts

Get number of reads and writes for each database on SQL Server

We can get the number of read and write operations for each database on our server. This information id being fetched by a DMV so analysis data depends upon up time of server.

 -- total I/O for each database  
 SELECT name AS 'Database Name'  
 ,SUM(num_of_reads) AS 'Number of Read'  
 ,SUM(num_of_writes) AS 'Number of Writes'   
 FROM sys.dm_io_virtual_file_stats(NULL, NULL) I  
 INNER JOIN sys.databases D   
 ON I.database_id = d.database_id  
 GROUP BY name ORDER BY 'Number of Read' DESC;  
  • Oct 01 / 2014
  • 0
dbDigger, T-SQL Scripts, T-SQL Tips and Tricks

Increase or shrink file size for SQL Server database files

Following handy scripts help to manage the SQL Server database files. You may increase the max size and current size as well.

-- Increase file max size  
 USE [master];  
 ALTER DATABASE DatabaseNameHere MODIFY FILE ( NAME = N'FileNameHere', maxsIZE = 1500MB)  
 -- Increase file size  
 USE [master];  
 ALTER DATABASE DatabaseNameHere MODIFY FILE ( NAME = N'FileNameHere', sIZE = 1500MB)  

Shrink operation may be up to a specific extent or just shrink by removing the space available ay the end of file without manipulating data in file.If file shrink operation is cancelled during execution the current status is not rolled back. TRUNCATEONLY operation is fast.

-- Shrink to specific limit  
 USE DatabaseNameHere;  
 DBCC SHRINKFILE (N'FileNameHere' , 200)  
 -- Shrink to space available at the end of file  
 USE DatabaseNameHere;  
  • Oct 01 / 2014
  • 0
dbDigger, T-SQL Scripts, T-SQL Tips and Tricks

Get all file groups and file details in a SQL Server database

Following script will provide information about the filegroups and files in a given database. It includes names, location, allocated size, used size and percent free.

-- get data file space and locations  
 Use DatabaseNameHere;  
 SELECT b.groupname AS 'File Group'  
   ,CONVERT(INT, a.Size / 128.000, 2) AS [Currently Allocated Space (MB)]  
   ,CONVERT(INT, FILEPROPERTY(a.NAME, 'SpaceUsed') / 128.000, 2) AS [Space Used (MB)]  
   ,CONVERT(INT, a.max_Size / 128.000, 2) [Maximum Space (MB)]  
       THEN CONVERT(VARCHAR, CONVERT(DECIMAL(15, 2), ROUND(a.growth / 128.000, 2))) + ' MB'  
     ELSE CONVERT(VARCHAR, a.growth) + ' PERCENT'  
     END [Growth]  
   ,CONVERT(INT, (a.Size - FILEPROPERTY(a.NAME, 'SpaceUsed')) / 128.000, 2) AS [Available Space (MB)]  
   ,(CONVERT(INT, ROUND((a.Size - FILEPROPERTY(a.NAME, 'SpaceUsed')) / 128.000, 2)) * 100) / (CONVERT(INT, ROUND(a.Size / 128.000, 2))) AS PercentFree  
 FROM sys.database_files a(NOLOCK)  
 LEFT OUTER JOIN sysfilegroups b(NOLOCK) ON a.data_space_id = b.groupid  
 ORDER BY PercentFree  
  • Aug 26 / 2014
  • 0
Data Modeling and Database Design, dbDigger, SQL Server Collations

Cannot resolve the collation conflict between “SQL_Latin1_General_CP1_CI_AS” and “Latin1_General_CI_AS” in the equal to operation.

Today one of our development team member reported following error on newly restored database in staging environment.

Cannot resolve the collation conflict between “SQL_Latin1_General_CP1_CI_AS” and “Latin1_General_CI_AS” in the equal to operation.

Error was generated in a stored procedure. First of all i found that collation of subject database is different than SQL_Latin1_General_CP1_CI_AS. Using this method i changed the collation of subject database to required SQL_Latin1_General_CP1_CI_AS.
I was hopeful that changing collation of database will solve the issue but it was not the case. I opened the stored procedure code and got the tables being used in it.
Suppose we have table1, table2 and table3 in USP. Now we have to get all those columns where collation is different than our required collation. Following script did task and returned the columns with different collation.

SELECT object_name(object_id) as TableName,   
 name as columnName, collation_name  
 FROM sys.columns  
 FROM sys.objects where name in ('table1','table2','table3'))  
 and collation_name <> 'SQL_Latin1_General_CP1_CI_AS'

Once we have the list of columns then we can change their collation to match with required collation. This can be done with following script.

ALTER TABLE table1 ALTER COLUMN ColumnNameHere nvarchar(512) COLLATE SQL_Latin1_General_CP1_CI_AS NULL  
ALTER TABLE table2 ALTER COLUMN ColumnNameHere varchar(64) COLLATE SQL_Latin1_General_CP1_CI_AS NULL  
ALTER TABLE table3 ALTER COLUMN ColumnNameHere varchar(512) COLLATE SQL_Latin1_General_CP1_CI_AS NOT NULL

This time i found that issue was resolved and there was no error.

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